To help your child move and learn as much as possible, work closely with your care team to develop a treatment plan. Following are some other signs of possible CP. If both arms and both legs are affected, a kid might need to use a wheelchair. A small percentage of CP is caused by brain damage that occurs more than 28 days after birth. Diagnosing CP at an early age is important to the well-being of children and their families.
There is no known cure for cerebral palsy. Causes of Cerebral Palsy Cerebral palsy is caused by damage to the fetal or infant brain. It occurs when there is neurological damage before, during, or within five years of birth that prevents the brain from developing properly. Damage to the parts of the brain that control motor function causes children with CP to struggle with posture, balance and movement.
Not every case of cerebral palsy has a clear cut explanation. Some children develop cerebral palsy as the result of a birth injury caused by medical negligence. Estimates show that 10 to 30 percent of people with cerebral palsy were born prematurely. Some additional risk factors include:. Some symptoms are hardly noticeable, while others are more intense. CP is classified by the type and location of movement problems. There are also different levels of severity among each case of cerebral palsy.
Many also have related conditions such as intellectual disability ; seizures; problems with vision , hearing , or speech; changes in the spine such as scoliosis ; or joint problems such as contractures. Doctors classify CP according to the main type of movement disorder involved.
Depending on which areas of the brain are affected, one or more of the following movement disorders can occur:. People with spastic CP have increased muscle tone. This means their muscles are stiff and, as a result, their movements can be awkward. Spastic CP usually is described by what parts of the body are affected:. People with dyskinetic CP have problems controlling the movement of their hands, arms, feet, and legs, making it difficult to sit and walk.
The movements are uncontrollable and can be slow and writhing or rapid and jerky. Sometimes the face and tongue are affected and the person has a hard time sucking, swallowing, and talking.
A person with dyskinetic CP has muscle tone that can change varying from too tight to too loose not only from day to day, but even during a single day. People with ataxic CP have problems with balance and coordination. They might be unsteady when they walk. They might have a hard time with quick movements or movements that need a lot of control, like writing. They might have a hard time controlling their hands or arms when they reach for something.
Some people have symptoms of more than one type of CP. The most common type of mixed CP is spastic-dyskinetic CP. The signs of CP vary greatly because there are many different types and levels of disability. The main sign that a child might have CP is a delay reaching motor or movement milestones such as rolling over, sitting, standing, or walking.
Following are some other signs of possible CP. It is important to note that some children without CP also might have some of these signs. Learn more about developmental milestones that children should reach from birth to 5 years of age. Diagnosing CP at an early age is important to the well-being of children and their families.
As soon as CP is diagnosed, a child can begin therapy for movement and other areas that need help, such as learning, speech , hearing, and social and emotional development.
Medicine helps kids who have a lot of muscle pain and stiffness. They can take medicine by mouth or get it through a pump the baclofen pump placed under the skin. Surgery can help fix dislocated hips and scoliosis curved spine , which are common in kids with CP. Leg braces help with walking. Kids can improve their bone health by eating diets high in calcium , vitamin D , and phosphorus. These nutrients help keep bones strong. Doctors, dietitians, and speech-language therapists can work with families to make sure kids get enough of the right nutrients and suggest changes to their diets or mealtime routines, if needed.
Kids with CP often need to see many different medical specialists for care. That team may include doctors and surgeons, nurses, therapists, psychologists, educators, nurses, and social workers. Even if many medical specialists are needed, it's still important to have a primary care doctor or a CP specialist. This doctor will take care of your child's routine health care and also help you coordinate care with other doctors. Taking care of a child with cerebral palsy can feel overwhelming at times.
Not only do kids with CP need a lot of attention at home, they also need to go to many medical appointments and therapies.
Don't be afraid to say yes when someone asks, "Can I help? To feel less alone and to connect with others who are facing the same challenges, find a local or online support group.
For kids with cerebral palsy, called CP for short, taking a first step or saying a first word may not be as easy. That's because CP is a condition that can affect the things that kids do every day. What's CP? Some kids with CP use wheelchairs and others walk with the help of crutches or braces. In some cases, a kid's speech may be affected or. Cerebral palsy (CP) is a problem that affects muscle tone, movement, and motor skills. It hinders the body's ability to move in a coordinated and purposeful way. It also can affect other body functions that involve motor skills and muscles, like breathing, bladder and bowel control, eating, and. Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of disorders that affect a person’s ability to move and maintain balance and posture. CP is the most common motor disability in childhood. Cerebral means having to do with the brain. Palsy means weakness or problems with using the muscles. CP is caused by abnormal.